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NOAA grants CRMC additional jurisdiction for offshore wind energy projects
December 18, 2018, WAKEFIELD – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has granted additional federal consistency oversight to the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council (CRMC) regarding offshore wind development projects through a new Geographic Location Description (GLD 2018) and changes to the CRMC’s federal consistency list.
In light of the influx of wind energy development in the region – there are currently four projects proposed for federal waters off of Rhode Island and Massachusetts – the CRMC requested in September that NOAA expand the GLD boundaries established as part of the CRMC’s Ocean Special Area Management Plan (Ocean SAMP). The SAMP created a regulatory framework for managing future uses of offshore waters, specifically offshore wind development, and has been touted as an internationally and nationally-recognized model for marine spatial planning.
Unlike the GLD boundary established in 2011, the newly approved GLD 2018 is separate and only authorizations made by the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) for wind energy facilities, regardless of size, and associated cables for review within the GLD 2018 boundary. These changes are in accordance with the provisions of the Coastal Zone Management Act (16 USC § 1456(c)(3)(A)) and the CZMA’s implementing regulations at 15 CFR Part 930.
BOEM has issued outer continental shelf leases for renewable energy projects within the Massachusetts wind energy area (WEA), which abuts the Rhode Island GLD 2011. Within the Massachusetts WEA there are significant Rhode Island commercial fishing interests operating, and the potential for impacts to Rhode Island coastal uses and resources. The primary case CRMC made for this expanded jurisdiction is the installation and operation of wind turbines within the GLD 2018 area “may have reasonably foreseeable coastal effects on Rhode Island’s commercial fishing industry.”
Previous to this new GLD, the CRMC could only assert federal consistency authority over wind energy projects in federal waters if the developer voluntarily submitted to the federal consistency processor if the CRMC applied to NOAA for an unlisted activity and could demonstrate that the project would likely have negative impacts on Rhode Island coastal uses or resources, the “effects test.”
Under CRMC federal consistency review, if any listed federal activity, either a direct federal agency action or a federal license or permit, is to occur outside the coastal zone (outside of the state's waters or inland coastal zone boundary), but within a GLD then the federal activity is automatically subject to the federal consistency requirement and the enforceable policies of the RICRMP. Federal consistency is the authority on which the CRMC relies to apply the Ocean SAMP’s enforceable policies to the wind development projects proposed in federal waters.
“This is one of the primary reasons the Ocean SAMP was developed – to give the state input into federal decisions occurring offshore in federal waters,” said CRMC Executive Director Grover Fugate. “These wind projects have the potential to impact a wide range of uses and resources, including fisheries, navigation, marine fish and mammal populations, and it’s vital that the CRMC be able to weigh in on these developments on Rhode Island’s behalf.”